From January 1, 1993 to February 28, 2003, at least 3777 people have died attempting to reach the fortress Europe. These are deaths that have been made public in the press. No one knows the number of unrecorded cases.
list of documented refugee deaths was registered from UNITED
for Intercultural Action, Amsterdam.
following incidences occurred along the eastern border of Germany between
January 1, 1993 and December 31, 2001 according to the Berliner "Anti-Racist
Initiative" and the "Research
Association Flight and Migration”:
following incidences are also directly linked to attempts to flee to Germany:
16 deportees were murdered in their country of origin, 321 deportees were imprisoned, maltreated, tortured, and 11 deportees are reported missing.
In the year 2001 alone, on the eastern border of Germany (according to the German Federal Ministry for Internal Affairs, query response from March 20, 2002 ), there were 8 officially confirmed deaths, all 8 people are presumed to have drowned. 24 people were injured, 18 suffered bite wounds from police dogs, 1 refugee was shot, 5 people were injured in the course of arrest.
At this time there are no up-to-date statistics for Austria on the number of injuries and deaths on the border. Whereas in Germany in 2001 there were 28,560 people, who attempted to enter the country illegally, according to the Austrian Ministry for the Interior, 48,659 refugees were detained in the same year at the Austrian borders. The majority of the illegal immigrants were from Afghanistan, followed by Rumania, Ukraine, Yugoslavia and Iraq.
These statistics that are surprisingly high for Austria could be due to a higher number of immigration attempts, but they could also be due to the higher degree of surveillance along the Austrian border:
/ Schengen border: 4 officials /km
In 2000, 225 illegal immigrants were detained, of these there were:
In 2001, 300 illegal immigrants were detained, of these there were:
majority of the smugglers
arrested are from bordering countries.
Over 780 smugglers were arrested at the Austrian border in 2000, of these there were:
A third of the refugees detained at the German border had assistance from smugglers, a larger number of those detained had undertaken the attempt on their own. This raises the question of whether refugees without smugglers are more likely to be arrested than refugees with professional help, or whether in terms of absolute numbers, there are more refugees who make the attempt without help.
It is interesting that about 50% of the arrests along the eastern German border are made on the basis of information from local residents. The Federal Border Protection Office maintains a free citizen's telephone service, which is manned around the clock and has its telephone numbers posted in telephone booths.
Austria is obligated according to the Geneva Refugee Convention to protect those people, who must flee from their home countries because of fear of persecution. Those who come to Austria and want to claim this protection, must apply for asylum. First the authorities check whether there are reasons to reject the application for asylum, or whether another country (third country) is responsible for the asylum application. Only then are the applicants questioned about their reasons for fleeing, which the officials then evaluate for credibility.
Of the 30,135 applications for asylum in 2001, asylum was only granted in 1,114 cases (3.7%). Since practically every refugee coming to Austria has to travel through a safe third country, they can be deported back to that country (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy).
The highest quotas of acceptance in a EU comparison are found among the following countries (UNHCR statistics from 1998):